Paulo de Carvalho is a Portuguese singer and musician. Carvalho co-founded the band, The Sheiks, in 1965. He sang and played the drums. He also played an instrumental role, either as a founder or a guest, of many other important Portuguese bands of the 1960s. As a solo performer, Carvalho participated in the Festival RTP da Canção and Eurovision Song Contest in 1974 and 1977, as a member of Os Amigos. . It was his song, the Portuguese entry for the Eurovision Song Contest 1974 “E Depois do Adeus”, which was used as the passcode at the beginning of the coup which toppled Portugal’s dictatorship (in what has become known as the Carnation Revolution), giving Carvalho a permanent place in his country’s history. During the 1970s and early 1980s, Carvalho won many international performance awards in Bulgaria, Poland and Belgium and was a strong participant in other music festivals in Chile, Argentina and Spain.